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Hnu 201 Research Methods Assignment Sample

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Hnu 201 Research Methods Assignment Sample


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Perception generally indicates belief, respective views along with understandings of nurses during providing service to patients after completion of training. The topic of this assignment is to critique the article regarding the perception of nurses during care services to patients who suffer from Covid-19. The discussion is based on the exploration of the various data collection and the data analysis method that plays a vital role in the development of the core principles of research and the application of these principles to healthcare. The critique framework will be used here Holland and Rees critique framework that is important in nursing research for its ability to access questions and details online. Moreover, a comparison between the qualitative and quantitative research is also provided in order to provide a better viewpoint to the selected topic. 

Critical discussion

The petition of the “Holland and Rees critique framework” shows the appropriate recognition of the subtitle of the concerned article which is going to be investigated for crapping. Moreover, it is very much clear that the given article has an appropriate title regarding the discernment of nurses who provide the services of care to the Covid-19 patients (Galehdar et al. 2021). The study has explored the perception of the nurses regarding the care that is provided to them during the course period of Covid 19. It is also evident from the provided article that the patients who are suffering from the various symptoms of the disease need to be addressed by the help of the medical teams (Vindrola-Padros et al. 2020). Through this article the nurses and the medical teams will be becoming more knowledgeable regarding the experiences of the patients and the care that is needed to be provided to them.     

As per the provided article, the analysis of the data in the concerned qualitative study is performed with an approach of content analysis. The research methods for the collection of the data of the qualitative study include participants as well as a collection of data. In addition to the above statement, the participants of the concerned study deal with the population as the population is occupied by the in-patient wards of Covid 19 as well as the nurses of the general hospitals (Mohajan, 2018). The participants for the research are selected by the method of determining sampling and rely on their work experience during the pandemic. Moreover, the collection of the data access to improve the quality of care for the patients. In addition to this, the data are not collected through face-to-face interviews due to the disease of Covid 19. Additionally, all the data are collected in depth by the telephone interviews from “March to may 2020”. Moreover, the data analysis was managed concurrently with the various interviews with the selected participants from the concerned hospital. In addition to this, the methods of the interviews are introduced by Lundman and Graneheim.          

There are various ethical principles that come under the principles of research including Honesty, Integrity, Loyalty, Fairness, Trustworthiness, and Concern for the patients in the hospitals. Moreover, it also includes law-abiding because it is the major ethical principle that needs to be followed by the health care department (Galehdar et al. 2021). On the other hand, there are four basic principles of research which include autonomy, maleficence, beneficence as well as justice. In addition to this, the ethical principle of autonomy deals with the fact that the individual people have the right to self-determination in order to make decisions about their own life without the intrusion from others (Gavin et al. 2020). Moreover, the principle of autonomy plays a very beneficial role in healthcare because, in the practice of medicine, the principle of autonomy is explained as the appropriate component of the adults in order to inform the various decisions about their respective medical care. 

The nonmaleficence principle deals with the medical action of health care (Sweeney et al. 2018). Additionally, the concerning action is considered against all the risks, consequences, and benefits, that are occasionally deemed for no treatment to be one of the best treatments. 

The qualitative research method has been used for the respective study with the normal analysis of the content approach. The qualitative method of research is very helpful for the concerned study because it provides deep information for the research (Mittelstadt, 2019). On the other hand, the quantitative research method has not been used for the research because it gives an improper representation of the collected data.     

There are various methods for collecting the qualitative data in healthcare and the collection of data includes observations, questionnaires, examinations, and document verification (Sekse et al. 2018). The observation method helps to gather more authentic data as well as it also gives greater accuracy in the collected data by the help of observation. The method or questionnaire helps in the collection of data and it is beneficial for the collection of data because it gives wide coverage of the data. Moreover, it is an easier method to collect appropriate data from the staff or the patients of the health care. In addition to the above mentioned statement, the critique framework helps the respective readers of the concerned article to make an appropriate judgment related to the “soundness of the research”. Moreover, the respective framework is selected for the research because of its ability to get entries online as well as the detail of the research questions of the concerned study (Wang et al. 2020).    

As per the opinion of Galehdar et al. (2021), a section-wise proper analysis is being provided which shows the key issues of Covid-19 across with the use of qualitative data utilization. The various methods of the quantitative method include the method of interviewing 20 nurses and in which 5 are men and 15 are women. The participants are chosen from the various hospitals during the course period of a pandemic. Maintenance of ethical aspects along with the use of the snowball approach has continued the trustworthiness of the procedure of selection of the nurses. In contrast, Ma et al. (2020) has argued that the various features of the demographic related to the care of medical experience which are beneficial to select participants of the health care which are presented in the respective article. A determined sampling strategy is inaugurated in order to give an article that helps to show the selection of nurses to determine perceptions that is based on the experience of the patients of the Covid 19. 


Based on the above study it can be concluded that qualitative research is very beneficial for the collection of data in the healthcare sector. In addition to this, the collection from the data collection method showed that the concerned patients who are suffering from the Covid 19 were physically, economically, psychologically as well as socially affected by the respective disease. Moreover, the affected patients need good care by the staff of medical as well as from other supporting systems. The provided article indicates the requirement of comprehensive care service by nurses to determine the perception of patient care. Psychological wellbeing is important to receive fast from Covid-19 which is a proper conclusion regarding nurses perception. Therefore, this article is good enough as per Holland and Rees framework analysis of critique. 

Reference list

Blake, H., Bermingham, F., Johnson, G. and Tabner, A., (2020). Mitigating the psychological impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers: a digital learning package. International journal of environmental research and public health17(9), p.2997. ; doi:10.3390/ijerph17092997

Galehdar, N., Toulabi, T., Kamran, A. and Heydari, H., (2021). Exploring nurses' perception of taking care of patients with coronavirus disease (COVID?19): A qualitative study. Nursing Open8(1), pp.171-179. DOI: 10.1002/nop2.616 

Gavin, B., Hayden, J., Adamis, D. and McNicholas, F., (2020). Caring for the psychological well-being of healthcare professionals in the Covid-19 pandemic crisis. Ir Med J113(4), p.51. https://repository.rcsi.com/articles/journal_contribution/Caring_for_the_psychological_well-being_of_healthcare_workers_in_the_COVID-19_pandemic_crisis_/12866114/files/24453938.pdf

Ma, Y., Zhang, Y., Cai, S., Han, Z., Liu, X., Wang, F., Cao, Y., Wang, Z., Li, H., Chen, Y. and Feng, X., (2020). Flexible hybrid electronics for digital healthcare. Advanced Materials32(15), p.1902062. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201902062

Mittelstadt, B., (2019). Principles alone cannot guarantee ethical AI. Nature Machine Intelligence1(11), pp.501-507. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.06668

Mohajan, H.K., (2018). Qualitative research methodology in social sciences and related subjects. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People7(1), pp.23-48. https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/85654/1/mpra_paper_85654.pdf

Sekse, R.J.T., Hunskår, I. and Ellingsen, S., (2018). The nurse's role in palliative care: A qualitative meta?synthesis. Journal of clinical nursing27(1-2), pp.e21-e38. DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13912

Sweeney, A., Filson, B., Kennedy, A., Collinson, L. and Gillard, S., (2018). A paradigm shift: relationships in trauma-informed mental health services. BJPsych advances24(5), pp.319-333. https://doi.org/10.1192/bja.2018.29

Vindrola-Padros, C., Chisnall, G., Cooper, S., Dowrick, A., Djellouli, N., Symmons, S.M., Martin, S., Singleton, G., Vanderslott, S., Vera, N. and Johnson, G.A., (2020). Carrying out rapid qualitative research during a pandemic: emerging lessons from COVID-19. Qualitative health research30(14), pp.2192-2204. https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/journals-permissions

Wang, H., Liu, Y., Hu, K., Zhang, M., Du, M., Huang, H. and Yue, X., (2020). Healthcare workers’ stress when caring for COVID-19 patients: An altruistic perspective. Nursing ethics27(7), pp.1490-1500. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0969733020934146

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